Genetic disorders occur when there are problems in the genes or chromosomes of a fetus. it could lead to chromosomal disorders such as Down’s syndromePatau’s syndrome, or Edward’s syndrome. Down syndrome is the most frequently occurring chromosomal disorder, with an incidence of 1/660 live births in Malaysia.
There has been no evidence that it is due to parental behaviour, inheritance, or environmental factors. Many babies with birth defects are born to couples with no risk factors.
Who are at an increased risk:
Family or personal history of birth defects.
Previous child with a birth defect.
Certain medicines used around the time of conception or exposure to harmful agents.
Exposure to viral infection during pregnancy.
Diabetes before pregnancy.
A woman aged 35 years or older when the baby is due.
The risk of having a baby with birth defects disorders can be determined through prenatal screening tests. Screening tests are easy to perform and do not pose any risks to the fetus. A variety of tests are available that can be done based on the stage or trimester of Your pregnancy. If results of screening are abnormal with an indication of increased risk, diagnostic testing is offered.
Available Tests to Detect Genetic Abnormalities During Pregnancy